Beijing has won the first prize of National Natural Science
On January 8, the 2018 National Science and Technology Award Conference was solemnly held in Beijing.
In this annual “Science and Technology Feast”, 278 projects and 7 science and technology experts were awarded prizes. The National Supreme
warded to Academician Liu Yongtan of Harbin University of Technology and Academician Qian Qihu of PLA Army Engineering University. Both of them are over 80 years old. They
were born in Jiangsu and are also academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering. At this conference, 69 achievements completed under the auspices of Beijing we
re awarded, including 6 first-class awards and 63 second-class awards. Among them, Xue Qikun, vice president of Tsinghua Universit
y and academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, presided over the project of “Experimental Discovery of Quantum Anomalous Hall Effec
t” and won the first prize of the only National Natural Science Award, which is the third time that Beijing has won the prize since 2016.
The top prize went up to 8 million yuan, all for individuals.
In 2018, 285 projects (candidates) won the National Science and Technology Award. Among them, there are 2 National Supreme Science and Technology Awards; 38 National N
atural Science Awards, including 1 first prize and 37 second prizes; 67 National Technology Inventio
n Awards, including 4 first prizes and 63 second prizes; 173 National Science and Technology Progress Awards, including 2 first prizes, 23 first prizes and 148 second prizes.
In 2017, the State Council promulgated the “Program for Deepening the Reform of the Science and Technology Award System”. According to the plan, the award quota of the highest science and technology award in
creased by 60%, from 5 million yuan to 8 million yuan, which is different from the way in which 500,000 yuan was allocated to individuals and 4.5 million yuan was allocated to scientific research work in the past. This is the f
irst time in nearly 20 years since the establishment of the National Supreme Science and Technology Award that the bonus quota and distribution structure have been adjusted.
At the same time, the bonus quota of the National Natural Science Award, the National Technology Invention Award and the National Science and Technology Progress Award inc
reased by 50%, among which the prize of the first prize was adjusted from 1 million yuan to 1.5 million yu
an, the prize of the first prize from 200,000 yuan to 300,000 yuan, and the prize of the second prize from 100,000 yuan to 150,000 yuan.
Statistics show that the average research time from project establishment to conclusion is 11.4 years, and nearly 10% of the three awards
have gone through more than 20 years of research and accumulation. Academician Gong Xiaonan of Zhejiang University is the first doctor of geotechnical engineering in our c
ountry. He has been tackling key problems in the field of soft foundation engineering construction for nearly 30 years. He has studie
d and formed the theory and key technology of composite foundation, making composite foundation one of the three main types of foundation in civil engineering.